What are Incoterms?

Incoterms: Your Guide to International Commercial Terms 

Short for International Commercial Terms, Incoterms are a set of universal guidelines, which act as a common language used between sellers and buyers globally. 

These guidelines are super important in the supply chain industry; as they allow buyers and sellers to interpret and translate different global trade terms, clearly outlining the tasks, costs and risks associated between parties. 

Incoterms were developed by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) in 1936, and are updated intermittently as trade practices change. Because of this, it is important for parties to specify which version of Incoterms they are using within a contract. The most recent set of Incoterms were released in 2020.  

The 2020 version of Incoterms includes 11 terms, each outlining the roles and responsibilities of each party. 7 of these terms are applicable across any mode of transport, as outlined in the chart below which we use on a daily basis: 

The 7 Incoterms 2020 rules for any mode of transport: 

EXWEx Works (insert place of delivery)
FCAFree Carrier (insert named place of delivery)
CPT Carriage Paid to (insert place of deliver)
CIPCarriage and Insurance Paid To (insert place of destination)
DAPDelivered at Place (insert named place of destination)
DPUDelivered at Place (insert of place of destination)
DDPDelivered Duty Paid (insert place of destination)

The 4 Incoterms 2020 rules for Sea and Inland Waterway Transport: 

FASFree Alongside Ship (insert name of port of loading)
FOBFree on Board  (insert named port of loading) 
CFRCost and Freight  (insert named port of destination) 
CIFCost Insurance and Freight (insert named port of destination)

Need further information? Get in contact with McHugh & Eastwood today, your Incoterm experts. 




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